The recent “discovery” of the Qumran Tefillin has caused much excitement in the academic world and has also captured the imagination of the public. The Orthodox Ami Magazine has published an interview with me about what we know so far about the Dead Sea Scrolls Tefillin and what we may or may not learn from opening the small scrolls.
Read the full interview here: “New” Dead Sea Scroll Tefillin Discovered
Among those texts gathered into their library by the Qumran sectarians were four out of the five parts of 1 Enoch and the book of Jubilees. Although these books are not entirely preserved in the scrolls, it is certain that the members of the sect would have had available full copies of these texts (except that the Similitudes [Parables] of Enoch were not part of the collection). Accordingly, we will consider these texts, even where the Qumran manuscripts do not preserve the specific passages. We will see that these passages routinely assume that the state of exile continued through the Persian period, uninterrupted, into the Hellenistic period.
Within the Enochic corpus, among the earliest materials is the Apocalypse of Weeks, dating to immediately pre-Maccabean times. This text divides biblical history into “weeks” and places the exile in the sixth week. Here the text states:
And after this in the sixth week all those who live in it (will be) blinded, and the hearts of all, lacking wisdom, will sink into impiety. … and at its end the house of… Continue reading
Brite Divinity School, Texas Christian University
Dead Sea Discoveries 21 (2014) 82–129
Adolfo D. Roitman, Lawrence H. Schiffman and Shani Tzoref (eds.)
The Dead Sea Scrolls and Contemporary Culture: Proceedings of the International Conference Held at the Israel Museum, Jerusalem (July 6–8, 2008). STDJ 93. Leiden: Brill, 2011. Hardcover. Pp. xviii + 769. € 202.00/US$ 287.00. ISBN 978-90-04-18593-7.
These proceedings of a 2008 Jerusalem conference contain 34 essays divided into five rubrics. The volume opens with “Some Thoughts at the Close of the Discoveries in the Judaean Desert Publication Project” by E. Tov. The next four essays deal with the “Identity and History of the Community.” F. García Martínez revisits “The Groningen Hypothesis,” affirming its assumption that the sectarian scrolls reflect different stages in the development of the community.
In her “1QS 6:2c–4a—Satellites or Precursors of the Yaḥad?” C. Hempel suggests that 1QS 6:2c–4a portrays the basic unit of the movement. E. Regev in “What Kind of Sect Was the Yaḥad?” analyzes the parallels between the Yaḥad and some modern sects. J.C. VanderKam, writing on “The Pre-History of the Qumran Community with a Reassessment of CD 1:5–11,” studies the references to 390 and 20 years in the… Continue reading