Jerusalem after the Maccabean Revolt
The period following the Maccabean Revolt ushered in tremendous expansion in the city of Yerushalayim and even on the Har Habayis (Temple Mount). Yerushalayim expanded westward to include the area known as the Upper City and a combination of enlargement and refurbishing of the enclosure of the Har Habayis resulted as well. As a result, Yerushalayim in this period once again became a prosperous and beautiful city. But to understand these important developments, it is necessary first to know what happened in the aftermath of the re-conquest of the city and Beis Hamikdash under Yehudah the Maccabee in the revolt of 168-164 BCE.